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Migraines & Headaches

Migraine and headache can rob a person from living a quality life. Some people experience debilitating headaches that last for days. Some headaches or migraines debilitate for hours.

In addition to pain, tension headaches can feel as if a vice is squeezing the entire forehead. Cluster headaches tend to focus on one side of the head, often behind an eye, and cause tearing. Migraines cause sensitivity to sound and light. Sinus headaches can worsen with position change. TMJ headaches can be dependent of chewing or clenching of the jaw.

Whether a person gets migraines, cluster headaches, sinus headaches, tension headaches or TMJ headaches, or perhaps a combination of several types of headaches, there are various potential methods that can bring relief. Because headaches have various etiologies, an expert in pain management is an excellent place to seek treatment. Skilled physicians understand how various headaches evolve and therefore understand various methods for treatment.

In addition to prescribing medication, such as tricyclic antidepressants, which are well known to help with headaches, other medication options exist, as well as injections, such as Botox and other types of injections, and even prescription nasal sprays that can help interrupt a headache or prevent their onset.

If you experience the debilitation from headaches or migraines, please call Metro Denver Sport, Spine, and Pain Management to discuss the various treatment options that exist for your type or types of headaches.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the Symptoms of a Headache?

When you get a headache, you may experience a range of symptoms. The primary pain may feel dull and achy or sharp and intense. The pain may occur on one side of your head or the other, or it may manifest at the back on your head. This pain may be accompanied by other symptoms, including nausea and vomiting, sinus pressure, or a feeling of tightness around the head.

With a migraine, other symptoms develop, including things like:

  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Pounding or throbbing pain on one side of the head
  • Hot and cold sensations
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Visual disturbances like flashing dots, wavy lines, or blind spots (auras)

Some migraine sufferers also experience a pre-migraine stage, called prodrome, where they may have food cravings, concentration issues, and irritability, among other symptoms.

What Causes Headaches and Migraines?

Headaches and migraines may occur on their own, called primary headaches, or they may be a side effect of another condition. These are called secondary headaches.

Headaches may occur with an infection, such as a sinus or ear infection, or with conditions like glaucoma and meningitis. Dehydration can cause headaches, as can high blood pressure.

Chronic headaches, including migraines, can result from extreme stress and carrying tension in and around the neck. They can also be brought on by certain foods, food additives, or alcohol.

How are Headaches Treated?

Your pain management specialist at Metro Denver Pain Management finds a solution that can reduce the severity and frequency of your headaches and migraines. Depending on the specifics of your case, your doctor may suggest:

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers
  • Prescription headache medications
  • Hot or cold compresses
  • Therapeutic massage
  • Relaxation techniques
  • BotoxⓇ injections
  • Trigger point injections

In many situations, your doctor may take a multidisciplinary approach and combine treatment approaches.

How Does Botox Help with Migraines?

Botox, a common cosmetic procedure that reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, is an effective treatment for some types of headaches and migraines, especially those whose headaches result from muscle spasms or tension.

Your doctor injects a Botox serum into your muscles, temporarily paralyzing the muscle and halting muscle contractions. The results develop over the first few days and can last 8-12 weeks.